Violence, then celebration at the Celanese Corp

In 1935, the National Labor Relations Act (also known as the Wagner Act) was passed. The Act guaranteed employees the right to “self-organization, to form, join, or assist labor organizations, to bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing…”
The passing of the Wagner Act did not mean that employers would accept unionization in their workplaces, however.
Workers at the Celanese Plant in Cumberland continued to strike for the right to organize. This sometimes resulted in violence, as the item below from the Cumberland Evening News of November 1936 records.
By December 1936, however, the Celanese Corp agreed to the employees’ proposals (see ‘Happy Days are Here Again’, below).